Mozart was filled with musical ideas much like boiling water is filled with bubbles: all effortlessly playing off each other in indescribable harmony seemingly incapable of causing even a single one of them to burst. Beethoven, born into a Mozartian world, had to contend with a built-in antipathy towards the least dissonance when Beauty is but a fleeting escape out of all the ugliness surrounding it.
It took the celebrated genius of Mozart to force Haydn to "forgive" the occasional inevitable dissonance required by Mozart here & there. However, that "forgiveness" was not something Haydn would extend to Beethoven, as the young composer's compositional talents seldom gathered much more than contempt from his living teacher Haydn--making it much easier to see the debt Beethoven's compositions owe to Bach, who was probably his most important real teacher:
Compositionally, Bach was the greatest composer, of course. But Beethoven was perhaps the most human. Beethoven had an almost perfect grasp of the human soul & spirit. His music is the tumult that resounds naturally in the heart & mind of even the most unlettered of us--a human emotion which Beethoven eventually acquired the compositional learning to set in notes probably better than anyone before or since.
It is, nevertheless, a daunting task to set down our very humanity on a piece of paper--which is why while Bach could write a couple of notes & from there go on to compose an unbelievable masterpiece, Beethoven walked & wandered the world alone in his thoughts trying desperately to figure out as best he could how to write down what he felt at the depths of his being. Still, it is a matter of history that Bach, Mozart, & Beethoven all succeeded at that at which they aimed.
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